U.S. Provided Safe Haven For Nazis
A just-released Justice Department report reveals that the United States provided safe haven for Nazis in the interest of science. The 600-page report, which our government tried to keep secret for years, is available on the New York Times website.
In chronicling the cases of Nazis who were aided by American intelligence officials, the report cites help that C.I.A. officials provided in 1954 to Otto Von Bolschwing, an associate of Adolph Eichmann who had helped develop the initial plans “to purge Germany of the Jews” and who later worked for the C.I.A. in the United States.
The report also examines the case of Arthur L. Rudolph (pictured), a Nazi scientist who ran the Mittelwerk munitions factory. He was brought to the United States in 1945 for his rocket-making expertise under Operation Paperclip, an American program that recruited scientists who had worked in Nazi Germany. (Rudolph has been honored by NASA and is credited as the father of the Saturn V rocket.)
Previously reacted parts of the report show attempts by the Justice Department to cover up the true story of the people the U.S. helped protect.
The redacted report omits the debate within the CIA in 1953 over what Otto von Bolschwing (right), a Nazi associate of Adolph Eichmann who became a CIA asset, should tell immigration officials or others in the United States if confronted about his Nazi past. It also deletes references to what American officials knew about his atrocities, including the assertion from a Justice Department officials that he might “be guilty of acts more heinous than anyone else currently under investigation.”
Rudolph’s actions were notably also covered up.
A section on Arthur Rudolph, a German scientist who ran slave labor camp at Mettelwerk and went on to become an honored NASA scientist, omits numerous references to what Rudolph was alleged to have done in Germany, such as “forcing slave laborers to watch hangings.”Click here for reuse options!
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