Preventing Disasters Instead Of Responding To Them
In the wake of Hurricane Sandy and facing the prospect of more mega-storms in the years ahead, policy makers need to think about investments to minimize storm damage. James Surowiecki looks across the Atlantic for some ideas.
On February 1, 1953, a fierce, sustained storm created a huge surge in the North Sea off the coast of Holland. Floodwaters overtopped the dikes, swallowing half a million acres of land and killing nearly two thousand people. Within weeks of the storm, a government commission issued what came to be known as the Delta Plan, a set of recommendations for flood-control measures. Over the next four decades, the Dutch invested billions of guilders in a vast set of dams and barriers, culminating in the construction of the Maeslant Barrier (pictured), an enormous movable seawall to protect the port of Rotterdam. Since the Delta Plan went into effect, the Netherlands has not been flooded by the sea again.
In the aftermath of Hurricane Sandy, which brought havoc to the Northeast and inflicted tens of billions of dollars in damage, it’s overwhelmingly clear that parts of the U.S. need a Delta Plan of their own.
An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure or so the saying goes. But we have to pay for the ounce of prevention now. Do we have the political will to spend money now in order to save it later?